- Clinical Consequences of Microbial Infections in Charaka Samhita
The diseases in Ayurveda are categorized into endogenous and exogenous. Infections exercise a major part among the exogenous categories. Vivid descriptions of infectious diseases, their pathogenesis and treatment have been documented in Ayurvedic treatises. Microbes are responsible factor for infection. So to combat the microbes and their newly developing strains is a great challenge. Though, the term microbes or microbial activity have not been clearly described in Ayurvedic texts but similar concept, their functional activities and remedies have been depicted. Charaka Samhita, on the basis of its own underline philosophy and the then prevailing thoughts, has described almost all possible aspects of microbial infections in rational consequential way. The present article deals with the ancient approach of microbial infections and its clinical consequences in Charaka Samhita.
2. Comperative Analysis of Ayurveda and siddha system
Ayurveda and Siddha systems of medicine have taken their origin from the vedic and post-vedicmedical wisdom. Initially both were united and gradually they inculcated slight different angle of approach in treatment and is being practiced separately for the last 1500 years. Siddha has beenmainly popular in Tamil Nadu and Kerala in comparison to nationwide popularity of Ayurveda. Though from various aspects both seem to be different systems but owing to their same origin theyhave ample number of similarities. Scientific and rational analysis of similarities and dissimilarities between the two systems is the main focus of this review.
3.Clinical evaluation of root tubers of Shweta Musali (Chlorophytum borivilianum L.) and its effect on semen and testosteron
Shweta Musali ( Chlorophytum borivilianum (CB)) is a traditionally used herb for its benefits in male sexual and general health. In the recent past, the herb has attained much commercial significance, both in domestic and international markets. However, limited clinical data is available to establish its traditional claims. The present study was aimed at evaluating the effect of the water soluble extract of CB root tubers on semen and testosterone in healthy adult males. The research was designed as a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, trial upon the volunteers registered from the outpatient department (OPD) with age ranging from 20 to 40 years. Water extracts of CB and placebo was administered in the patients of groups A and B, for 12 weeks, in two divided doses of 500 mg. Assessment was done based upon Semen (Volume, Liquefaction Time, Sperm Count, Sperm motility) and Serum Testosterone levels parameters. Highly significant improvement was noted in the above parameters after administration of CB extract in comparison to Placebo. Hence it was concluded that the trial drug was effective in improving male sexual health.
4. Analytical review of animal in carakopaskar commentary of caraka samhita
Zoological aspects are documented in a vast and complex way in ayurveda. The usages of animal products as food and medicine itself reveal the intense field work and ample research regarding the natural habitat, character, quality and the effect of animal and animal products conducted by the then scholars. From very gross product like cow-dung to finer one like pituitary gland are medicinally used. Human mental characters are also symbolified with animal characters. In various instances, the different activity is also evidenced by animal character.
5. A Survey Based Comprehensive Study Of Bala (vital strength) w. s. r. to visarga kala (southern solistice)
The bala or vital streangth of the body is the resultant of prakriti (genetic), sara (physiological), and aahar (diet) etc. But the most important unavoidable factor which governs all these is the kala (time). It is the status of kala which decides the strength of our body. A complete year is divided into adana kala and visarga kala based on the position and status of Sun and Moon. In a year the bala gradually decreases in adana kala & gradually increases in visarga kala. So, it is the kala which increases the bala of human beings in visarga kala. A survey study has been conducted on a sample population with the help of a objectively designed proforma based on dashvidha atura bala pareeksha from charak samhita vimansthan to assess the impact of visarga kala on human body. On the basis of the data collection and interpretation, it is found that bala is a conjugate effect of saptdhatusara (healthy status of dhatus) and it gradually increases in visarga kala i.e from varsha ritu (rainy season) to hemanta ritu (winter season).
6. Utility of Lokpurushsamyasiddhant In Etiopathogenesis and Principles for Management of Diseases
Man is a tiny replica of the vast universe. In the ocean of the universe, he is a drop of water or a particle of sand. According to „Yat Pinde tat Bramhande‟ theory of Yajurveda, all that exist in the universe also exist in an individual. The universe and the individual share such similarities that every part of the universe is represented in the individual in minute dimensions. Lok Purush Samya Siddhant is a fundamental principle of Ayurveda on which all other basic principles of Ayurveda are based. This siddhant is the foundation stone of other basic principles of Ayurveda. This siddhant is also applicable in the etiopathogenesis and principles for the management of diseases.
7. A critical review of the philosophical concepts of Carakopaskara commentary
Philosophy is the prime specialty as it fulfills the ultimate goal of life with the depiction of the liberation of the soul. The human body composed of mind, other sensory organs along with five proto-elements, is to be treated from the clinical applicability of the philosophical series of events. The current review is the categorical analysis of the philosophical thought depicted in "Carakopaskara commentary" of Pandit Jogindranath Sen in the purview of underlined theme of Caraka Samhita and classical orthodox philosophy.
8. A comprehensive outlook of Sannipata
Nomenclature of the disease on the basis of vitiation of the body humors is stressed in ayurveda. Sannipatika, i.e., ‘conglomeration of vitiated tridosa’ is the fi nal stage of process of manifestation of disease. In this specifi c state of pathogenesis, the disease becomes more advance and mostly irreversible. A detailed scientifi c study of Sannipatika-avastha has been documented in classics. Comprehensive analysis of sannipata-state and its ways of presentation is the main theme of the current article.
9. The science of Nirukti -a tool for exploring clinical knowledge
Etymology is an integral part of Sanskrit studies. From the vedic period the nirukta or etymology was being studied simultaneously with veda. On account of its importance to disclose the actual derivative and meaning it was considered as vedAGga and termed as ears of the Veda. Ayurveda being an upaveda has been groomed by the science of Nirukta. The ancient scholar used to start ayurvedic studies after completion of their respective vedic school. The vedanga studies during the veda-adhyayan helped them to become the master of nirukta which ultimately benefited them in grasping and exploration of proper ayurvedic knowledge. In the advent of time the study of the science of etymology has gradually declined. Now a days, students are not coming through the same tradition and it is very necessary to provide them proper methodical teaching of nirukta, otherwise scientific and in-depth exploration of ayurvedic wisdom in the respective era can not be possible.
The current paper is dealt with the clinical importance of the science of Nirukta.
Flower is the most attractive part of the plant which bewitches with its beautiful harmony, colour and fragrance. It symbolizes blossoming of universal consciousness and the smile of spirit hidden in nature. In Āyurveda, flower has distinct place and used in health and disease from time immemorial. The use of flowers in health and daily life has been given various texts like Caraka Samhitā , Suśruta Samhitā, Aşţānga Hridaya & in various nighantus. Never the less, the topic is interesting and it evidently shows the importance of flowers in relation to health & disease
11. Methods of knowledge propagation in ayurveda
Vedic methods of study represent the earliest form of education and intended to achieve retentive memory (śruti). The four slopes of education namely the student, the teacher, method of study and application were pondered equally important. In classical period sādhyāya (adhyayan) and pravacana (adhyāpana) were the main methods for learning which starts after Upanayana. These educational system totally incorporated with proper study method (pātha), proper teaching methods (avabadha) and practical study (anusthāna).
12. An analytical outlook of determination of the mulasthan of srotas http://www.irjponline.com/admin/php/uploads/1155_pdf.pdf
13 . Comprehensive Review of Gramya Ahara
14. The role of diets and lifestyle in preventing “arsha”
- A critical review of rhythmic recitation of Charaka samhita
Charakasamhita is one of the most important life lines of Ayurvedic classical knowledge. This supreme text of “science of life” has been composed nearly about 3000 years ago and before the well‑established era of documentation. It is composed in the then language, style, and method. The ancient scholars of Ayurveda have presented it in such a way that all three kinds of pupil can get the matter easily. Nearly two thirds of the compendium is shaped in verse form according to rules and regulations of Chhandashastra of classical Sanskrit literature to retain in memory for a long time. With the advent of time this classical practice of recitation has been gradually losing its popularity and as a result the proper Ayurvedic learning cannot be completely possible in the current era.
This review consists of methods of rhythmic recitation of all verses of Charakasamhita with notations and classical analysis.
2. A critical review of chanda in Sushruta Samhita
Sushruta samhita is one of the most important texts in great-triad of Ayurveda. This text has been composed in 2nd Millennium BC. Nearly half of the first part and major portion of 2nd half of the compendium are written in verse form. The ancient scholars maintained the learning and the streamline flow of knowledge by rhythmic recitation for thousands of years even before the era of documentation. With the advent of science many technologies have emerged in the field of education and have given us new dimension of study. But this classical practice of recitation has been gradually loosing its common uses in this current century resulting in lack of expertization in the subject.
This review consists of methods of rhythmic recitation of all verse of Sushruta Samhita with proper examples, notations and analysis according to meter.
3. Analysis of meter in Ashtanga Hridaya
The ancient scholars maintained the learning and the streamline flow of knowledge by rhythmic recitation for thousands of years even before the era of documentation. Astanga Hridaya is one of the most important texts in great-triad of Ayurveda. This text was composed by Acharya Vagbhat in 6th Century AD. It is the amalgamation of Caraka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita. The author has tried to compose all subject matter in verse form to make it possible to remember easily through rhythmic recitation. With the advent of science many technologies have emerged in the field of education and have given us new dimension of study. But this classical practice of recitation has been gradually loosing its common uses.
This review consists of methods of rhythmic recitation of all verse of Astanga Hridaya with proper examples, notations and analysis according to meter.
4. Outlook of meter of Madhavnidanam
Madhavnidanam has been composed in 7th Century AD by Acharya Madhavkara of united Bengal- province. Barring some part, most of the subject matter have been complied from Caraka-Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Samgraha and Astanga Hridaya. The author has indicated that the text is written even for the student having ‘aplamedha’. Hence not only in subject matter, simplicity has been maintained in writing style also. The entire text has been written in verse form for eradicating the difficulty to memorize the prose-form of subject matter. The ancient scholars maintained the learning and the streamline flow of knowledge by rhythmic recitation. With the advent of science many technologies have emerged in the field of education and have given us new dimension of study. But this classical practice of recitation has been gradually loosing its common uses in this current century resulting in lack of expertization in the subject.
This review consists of methods of rhythmic recitation of all verse of madhav-nidana with proper examples, notations and analysis according to meter.